Tyler Students are not a monolithic group. We have a number of majors here, and each major/industry might have its own rules for what the perfect résumé looks like. But there are some common threads, so this page will help get you started towards building résumés (yes, plural!) that will help you obtain the opportunities you seek for Life After Tyler.
What is a résumé? How is it different from a CV (curriculum vitae)?
- résumé, 1804, "a summary," from French résumé, noun use of past participle of Middle French resumer "to sum up," from Latin resumere, "biographical summary of a person's career." (dictionary.com)
- curricula(um) vitae (CV), an outline of a person's educational and professional history, usually prepared for job applications. Latin, literally: the course of one's life. (dictionary.com)
Sounds the same, doesn't it? But in the United States, there is a subtle difference. Here, you are typically asked for a résumé, which is generally considered to be a short, targeted summary of your qualifications for that job. A CV, on the other hand, is typically used only for academic and really high-level executive jobs, and usually, contains all of your professional experience in reverse chronological order. But in other countries, you may be asked for a CV instead of a résumé. What information is included on the CV is dictated by the customs of that country.
Additionally, if you are a studio artist, you may need an artist's résumé in addition to your regular résumé. We'll get into that later.
Both résumés and CVs are living documents!
Once you create a résumé or CV, you must constantly update it. In the case of a résumé for most employment with a typical company, you will need to update it for each job you apply for! So save it in electronically in a safe place, back it up regularly, and get yourself prepared for a lifetime of care and feeding for these living documentations of your professional life.
Different Kinds of Résumés
Here is a cheat sheet outlining the different résumés and what is on each one, if you just want the nitty gritty. Click on the type of résumé for detailed instructions on how to write one.
- Standard résumé. This is what pretty much any adult applying for a job needs. And all Tyler students need one, and it's going to look pretty much the same as what a Fox student's résumé or a College of Liberal Arts student's résumé looks like. While you are a student, you may need a generic one to use, for instance, to apply for scholarships and grants and maybe an on-campus job. Once you are applying for internships or jobs off campus, you need to customize this document for each opportunity, because what you include on your résumé will be different for each opportunity. It also needs to be formatted to comply with applicant tracking systems (ATS). Résumés change almost every time they are printed. They should usually be kept to one, or if you have a lot of experience, two pages maximum. Here's a guide to writing a standard résumé.
- Artist's résumé. If you are a studio artist and/or applying to show your work in galleries or art fairs, or applying to competitions or requests for qualifications for commissions, you need an artist's résumé. It is completely different than a standard résumé, and there is very little overlap between the two. You will use this document for both domestic and international purposes--you generally don't need a special one for exhibiting outside of the US. Please note that you cannot use one document as both a regular and an artist résumé because each one has completely different information on them! Artist résumés rarely change but are updated until they get to two pages or so, and then they are regularly edited. Here's a guide to writing an artist's résumé.
- Academic curriculum vitae (sometimes referred to as a "vita," or CV). If you are planning to go to graduate school and or become an academic (someone who teaches or researches at a college or university), you need a CV. A CV contains pretty much everything you have ever done in your professional career. CVs rarely change but are constantly updated (in other words, stuff doesn't "fall off" your CV--you just keep adding to it). It is not uncommon for a seasoned academic to have a 30-40 page CV! Here's a hint: if you keep a CV, and you regularly update it, you will find that keeping your regular résumé and your artist up-to-date is much easier. It will keep all of your experience in one place in chronological order, and you will always have information you need at your fingertips! You may never print it out, but if you keep this document, you will always have the information you need. Here's a guide to writing an academic curriculum vitae.
- International curriculum vitae. This document establishes your professional credentials when applying for jobs outside of the US. What is included in this document will be somewhere between what is on a standard résumé and an academic CV (so see the links to the guides above to start), and is dictated by the customs for each individual country in which you are applying for jobs or internships. It is not possible to include all the worldwide vagarities for writing an international CV; fortunately, Temple has a resource to help you with this! Temple contracts with a service called GoinGlobal (Please note: this link works only if you are on the using a computer on Temple's network--on campus--if you are not on campus, access through the Career Center on TUPortal for the free Temple contract service). GoinGlobal is a provider of country-specific career and employment information. It features Country Career Guides, and City Career Guides for the United States and Canada, along with corporate profiles and more than 16 million internship and job listings within the USA and around the world. You can access it through the Temple Career Services clicking on the GoinGlobal icon. Once you're at the site, navigate to the country you're interested in working in, and you'll find a guide to what a typical CV for that country look like, as well as language and other job-seeking etiquette insights you need to get a job there.